Further Reading


Allen, Kelly-Ann, Kern, Margaret L. , Rozek, Christopher S., McInerney, Dennis & Slavich, George M. (2021) Belonging: a review of conceptual issues, an integrative framework, and directions for future research, Australian Journal of Psychology, 73:1, 87-102, DOI: 10.1080/00049530.2021.1883409 Accessed 9/25/22


Arshad, A., Sun, P. Y. T., & Desmarais, F. (2021). Abusive Supervision and  Employee Empowerment: The Moderating Role of Resilience and Workplace  Friendship.” Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 28(4), 479–494. https://doi.org/10.1177/15480518211005449 Accessed 9/26/22


Bartholomeusz, Rochelle & Perera, Dilith & Masinghe, Yasaransi. (2021). The  Effects of Workplace Loneliness on Employee Commitment during the COVID-19 Outbreak.” International Journal of Business and Management. 10. 19-27.

10.35629/8028-1004011927. Accessed 9/25/22


Baumeister, R. F., & Leary, M. R. (1995). The need to belong: Desire for  interpersonal attachments as a fundamental human motivation.” Psychological Bulletin, 117(3), 497–529. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.117.3.497 Accessed 9/25/22


Baym, N., Larson J, & Martin, R. (Mar 22, 2021 ) What a Year of WFH Has Done to  Our Relationships at Work,” Harvard Business Review, HBR.com Accessed 9/20/22


Bersin, J. (Aug 31, 2020 ) Why Belonging is Such a Big Issue in Business Today

JoshBersin.com Accessed 9/20/22


Betterup, (2020) The value of belonging at work: The business case for investing  in workplace inclusionBetterup.com, Accessed 9/20/22


Billan, R, (Jan 24, 2022) Workers agree, a sense of belonging at work boosts  productivityIpsos.com Accessed 9/20/22


Brown, Brené. Braving the Wilderness : The Quest for True Belonging and the Courage to Stand Alone. First ed. Random House 2017 Accessed 9/24/22


Carr, P & Walton, J, (2014) Cues of working together fuel intrinsic motivation,” Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, Volume 53, Pages 169-184, https://doi. org/10.1016/j.jesp.2014.03.015 Accessed 9/24/22


Chung, S., Lount, R. B., Park, H. M., & Park, E. S. (2018). Friends With Performance  Benefits: A Meta-Analysis on the Relationship Between Friendship and Group Performance. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 44(1), 63–79. https://doi. org/10.1177/0146167217733069 Accessed 9/24/22


Cigna, (January 2022) The Loneliness Epidemic Persists: A Post-Pandemic Look at the State of Loneliness among U.S. AdultsCigna.com Accessed 9/26/22


CIPD, (Jan 27, 2021) Employee engagement and motivation Fact Sheet- CIPD  (PDF) CIPD.co.uk Accessed 9/25/22


Crawford, Joseph. Defining Post-Pandemic Work and Organizations: The Need for Team Belongingness and Trust. Leadership - New Insights, edited by Mário Franco, IntechOpen, 2022. 10.5772/intechopen.102055. Accessed 9/26/22


Delizonna, Laura. (August 24, 2017) High-Performing Teams Need Psychological  Safet: Here’s How to Create ItHarvard Business Review, HBR.com, Accessed 9/26/22


DeSmet, A., Dowling, B., Mugayar- Baldocchi, M., & Spratt, J. (January 13, 2022). It’s not about the office, it’s about belonging”. McKinsey.com Blog Accessed 9/24/22


DeSmet, A., Dowling, B., Mugayar- Baldocchi, M., & Schaninger, B. (September 8, 2021). ‘Great Attrition’ or ‘Great Attraction’? The choice is yours”. McKinsey Quarterly Accessed 9/24/22


Efron, Louis, (July 26, 2022) What Drives a Culture of Belonging?Gallup.com

Accessed 9/24/22


Ehrhardt, Kyle, (2014) Understanding the Role of Workplace Relationships in  Employee Commitment and Engagement: A Complementary Fit Perspective, Dissertation. Accessed 9/25/22


Enboarder, (2022) “Quick Poll: How much is human connection really worth?”,

Enboarder.com Accessed 10/3/22


Enboarder, 2021 People Insights Report:HR in the Age of OverwhelmEnboarder. com Accessed 9/25/22


Fayyad, Sameh, How Can Workplace Friendship Affect Employees’ Resistance to Change in Egyptian Hotels?: Gender diversity as a moderator?Journal of Association of Arab Universities for Tourism and Hospitality, Article 11, Volume 22, Issue 1, June 2022, Page 221-232 Accessed 9/24/22


Fisher, Catherine, (Jul 8, 2014) LinkedIn Study Reveals Work BFFs Make Us 

Happier at the Office [INFOGRAPHIC], LinkedIn.com


Fuller, J & Kerr W. (Mar 23, 2022) The Great Resignation Didn’t Start with the  Pandemic Harvard Business Review, HBR.com, Accessed 9/26/22


Gratton, L & Erickson, T (Nov 2007) Eight Ways to Build Collaborative Teams

Harvard Business Review, HBR.com, Accessed 9/24/22


Hazari, Z, Chari, D, Potvin, G, Brewe, E. The context dependence of physics  identity: Examining the role of performance/competence, recognition, interest,  and sense of belonging for lower and upper female physics undergraduates. J Res Sci Teach. 2020; 57: 1583– 1607. https://doi.org/10.1002/tea.21644 Accessed 9/25/22


Hoffman, I., (2021) The Power of Belonging: What It Is and Why It Matters in  Today’s Workplace, Coqual. Coqual.org Accessed 9/25/22


Horan, Sean & Chory, Rebecca & Craw, Erin & Jones, Hannah. (2021). Blended  Work/Life Relationships: Organizational Communication Involving Workplace  Peers, Friends, and Lovers Accessed 9/24/22


Kahn, W. A. (2007). Meaningful Connections: Positive Relationships and  Attachments at Work”. In J. E. Dutton & B. R. Ragins (Eds.), Exploring positive relationships at work: Building a theoretical and research foundation (pp. 189–206). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers Accessed 9/25/22


Katsaros, K.K. (2022), Exploring the inclusive leadership and employee change  participation relationship: the role of workplace belongingness and meaning- making, Baltic Journal of Management, Vol. 17 No. 2, pp. 158-173. https://doi. org/10.1108/BJM-03-2021-0104 Accessed 9/25/22


Kondonijakos, Beth Kaplan. A Social Constructivist Approach to Understanding  Belonging in the Workplace, University of Pennsylvania, ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 2021. 28775604. Accessed 9/24/22


Krentz, M, Dartnell, A, Khanna, D, & Locklair, S (Sept 14, 2022) Inclusive Cultures  Have Healthier and Happier WorkersBCG.com Accessed 9/22/22


Ladika, S (Sept 17, 2014) The New Power of CollaborationSHRM.org Accessed 9/22/22


Lartey, F. M., & Randall, P. M. (2021). Indicators of Computer- Mediated  Communication Affecting Remote Employee Engagement.” Journal of Human Resource and Sustainability Studies, 9, 82-92. Accessed 9/24/22


Lauricella, T, Parsons, J, Schaninger, B, & Weddle, B. (Aug 2, 2022 ) Network  effects: How to rebuild social capital and improve corporate performance,” McKinsey.com Accessed 9/20/22


Lauring, Jakob & Jonasson, Charlotte How is work group inclusiveness influenced by working virtually? Human Resource Management Review, 2022, 100930, ISSN 1053-4822, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hrmr.2022.100930. Accessed 9/25/22


Mann, AnnaMarie, (January 15, 2018) Why We Need Best Friends at Work,

Gallup.com Accessed 9/20/22


Marks, B & Museri, R, (Jul 28, 2022) Study: Just how many remote workers are  actually lonely? thenextweb.com Accessed 9/20/22


Maslow, A. H. (1954). Motivation and personality. Harper and Row.


Mastroianni K, Storberg-Walker J. Do work relationships matter? Characteristics  of workplace interactions that enhance or detract from employee perceptions of  well-being and health behaviors. Health Psychol Behav Med. 2014 Jan 1;2(1):798- 819. doi: 10.1080/21642850.2014.933343. Accessed 9/20/22


Mineo, L (April 11, 2017 ) Good genes are nice, but joy is better Harvard Gazette

Accessed 9/20/22


Murphy, K & Herring, L (Nov 8, 2019 ) That’s What Friends Are For Bain.com

Accessed 9/20/22


Nelson, E., & Doman, H. O. (2017). Employee experience: How to build an EX- centric organization KennedyFitch.


Patel, A. & Plowman, S. (Aug. 17, 2022) The Increasing Importance of a Best  Friend at Work, Gallup.com Accessed 9/20/22


Pentland, A, (Apr 2012 ) The New Science of Building Great Teams,” Harvard BusinessReview.com Accessed 9/20/22


Perceptyx, (2022) The State of Employee Listening 2022Perceptyx.com Accessed 9/26/22


Puranitee, P., Kaewpila, W., Heeneman, S. et al. Promoting a sense of belonging,  engagement, and collegiality to reduce burnout: a mixed methods study among  undergraduate medical students in a non-Western, Asian context.” BMC Med Educ 22, 327 (2022). Accessed 9/24/22


Ramesh, A. (Apr 23, 2020) Why Belonging Is Important at Work: Employee  Engagement and Diversity, Glint.com Accessed 9/20/22


Reddy, D & Roy, A., (2018) Driving Employee Experience: The Critical Role of  Internal CommunicationsPoppulo.com Accessed 9/25/22


Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of  intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being.” American Psychologist, 55, 68-78. Accessed 9/22/22


Schwartz, J, Mallon, D, Van Durme, Y, Hauptmann, M, Yan, R, & Poynton, S. (May 15, 2020 ) 2020 Global Human Capital Trends: Belonging: From comfort to  connection to contribution Deloitte.com Accessed 9/20/22


Kaji, J, Hurley, B, Prusty, A, Bhat, R, Bordoloi, S, Gangopadhyay, N, and Khan, A (February 2022) 2021 Global Human Capital Trends: The social enterprise in a  world disrupted: Leading the shift from survive to thrive Deloitte.com Accessed 9/20/22


Salesforce Research (2017), Special Report: The Impact of Equality and Values  Driven Business (PDF) Salesforce.com (Accessed 10/3/22)


Slavich, G. M. (2020). “Social safety theory: A biologically based evolutionary perspective on life stress, health, and behavior.” Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 16, 265–295.


ter Hoeven, C. L., & van Zoonen, W. (2020). Helping Others and Feeling Engaged  in the Context of Workplace Flexibility: The Importance of Communication  Control.” International Journal of Business Communication, 0(0). https://doi. org/10.1177/2329488419898799 Accessed 9/25/22


Twarnonite, Karyn. (Feb 28, 2019 ) The Surprising Power of Simply Asking  Coworkers How They’re Doing Harvard Business Review, HBR.com Accessed 9/20/22


Van Zoonen, Ward & Sivunen, Anu E. (2022) The impact of remote work and  mediated communication frequency on isolation and psychological distress, European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 31:4, 610-621, DOI: 10.1080/1359432X.2021.2002299


Vyond, (March 29, 2022) New Survey Reveals Forced Socialization at Work Isn’t  Working: #VyondtheSurface Explores Top Factors Behind Being Connected at  Work Vyond.com Accessed 9/20/22


Yap, Wai Meng & Zainal Badri, Siti. (2020). What Makes Millennials Happy in  their Workplace? Asian Academy of Management Journal. 25. 103-121. 10.21315/ aamj2020.25.1.6. Accessed 9/25/22


Yu S, Wu N, Liu S and Gong X (2021) Job Insecurity and Employees’ Extra-Role  Behavior: Moderated Mediation Model of Negative Emotion and Workplace  Friendship.” Front. Psychol. 12:631062. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.631062 Accessed 9/25/22


Zainal Badri, Siti & Yap, Wai Meng & Ramos, Hazel Melanie. (2021). Workplace  affective well-being: gratitude and friendship in helping millennials to thrive at work.” International Journal of Organizational Analysis. 30. 10.1108/IJOA-04-2020- 2148. Accessed 9/26/22


Zimmerman, Natasha, (2021) What Matters Most: A Grounded Theory of  Belongingness at Work Dissertation, University of Canterbury